UPSC Prelims 2023 - Exam Pattern, Syllabus, Important Books

UPSC Prelims 2023 - Exam Pattern, Syllabus, Important Books
The Civil Services Examination comprises two successive stages:

  1. Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective Type) for the selection of candidates for Civil Services (Main) Examination; and
  2. Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview/Personality Test) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts.

The Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will consist of two papers of Objective type (multiple choice questions) and carry a maximum of 400 marks in the subjects set out in sub-section (A) of Section II.
This examination is meant to serve as a screening test only; the marks obtained in the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination by the candidates who are declared qualified for admission to the Civil Services (Main) Examination will not be counted for determining their final order of merit. The number of candidates to be admitted to the Civil Services (Main) Examination will be about twelve to thirteen times the total approximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year through this Examination. Only those candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified in the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination in the year will be eligible for admission to the Civil Services (Main) Examination of that year provided they are otherwise eligible for admission to the Civil Services (Main) Examination.
Note I : The Commission will draw a list of candidates to be qualified for Civil Services (Main) Examination based on the criterion of minimum qualifying marks of 33% in General Studies Paper-II of Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination and total qualifying marks of General Studies Paper-I of Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination as may be determined by the Commission.
Note II : There will be negative marking for incorrect answers as detailed below :

  1. There are four alternatives for the answers to every question. For each question for which a wrong answer has been given by the candidate, one-third (0.33) of the marks assigned to that question will be deducted as penalty.
  2. If a candidate gives more than one answer, it will be treated as a wrong answer even if one of the given answers happen to be correct and there will be same penalty as above for that question.
  3. If a question is left blank i.e. no answer is given by the candidate, there will be no penalty for that question.

Scheme and Subjects for the Preliminary Examination
The Examination shall comprise of two compulsory Papers of 200 marks each.
Note:

  1. Both the question papers will be of the objective type (multiple choice questions) and each will be of two hours duration.
  2. The General Studies Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.
  3. The question papers will be set both in Hindi and English.

Syllabi for the Examination
Paper I (200 marks) Duration: Two hours

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science.

Paper II (200 marks) Duration : Two hours

  • Comprehension;
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability;
  • Decision making and problem solving;
  • General mental ability;
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level);

Note 1 :Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper withminimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.
Note 2 :The questions will be of multiple choice, objective type.
Note 3 :It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the Papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination for the purpose of evaluation. Therefore a candidate will be disqualified in case he/she does not appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination.

What are books that we have to refer to for prelims?
COMMON FOR BOTH PRELIMS AND MAINS:

CURRENT AFFAIRS:

  • Newspapers: Hindu, Business Line, Financial Times, Indian Express (any two)
  • Monthly current affairs: IAS Gazette
  • IAS GYAN website
  • Down to earth, science reporter

POLITY and GOVERNANCE:

  • NCERTs 9th, 10th (for basic understanding)
  • Acts/Bills, judgements-PRS website
  • Constitution of India at Work (Class XI) NCERT Publication
  • Indian Polity by Laxmikant
  • Introduction to Indian Constitution – D.D.Basu
  • From Government to Governance by Kuldeep Mathur
  • Ethics in Governance, ARC Report
  • NITI Aayog reports, Government reports
  • Governance in India by M.Karthikeyan

DEVELOPMENTAL ISSUES:

  • Human Development Report & World Development Report
  • Panchayati Raj in India by Kuldeep Mathur

HISTORY:

  • Ancient History of India: Old NCERT by RS Sharma/ TN class 11 th book
  • Medieval History of India: Old NCERT by Satish Chandra/ TN class 11 th book
  • Modern History
    • NCERTs
    • Plassey to Partition Book
    • Spectrum
    • India’s Struggle for Independence – Bipan Chandra (Selective Reading)
  • Indian Art and Culture
    • An Introduction to Indian Art – Class XI NCERT
    • Chapters related to culture in Ancient and Medieval India NCERTs
    • Centre for Cultural Resource and Training (CCRT) material
    • Heritage Crafts: Living Craft Traditions of India -NCERT
    • Nitin Singhania book (optional)

ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY:

  • Shankar IAS Book
  • Biology 12th NCERT last 4 chapters

GEOGRAPHY:

  • Fundamentals of Physical Geography XI NCERT
  • India: Physical Environment XI NCERT
  • Fundamentals of Human Geography XII NCERT
  • India: People and Economy XII NCERT
  • Certificate Physical and Human Geography: GC Leong
  • OXFORD Atlas

ECONOMY AND AGRICULTURE:

  • Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh
  • Microeconomics, Macroeconomics – NCERT Class XI, XII
  • Indian Economic Development – NCERT Class XI
  • Indian Economy by Sanjiv Verma
  • Economics Dictionary published by Collins & Penguin

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY:

  • NCERT-Class 6th to 10th
  • NCERT-Biology-11th (Unit IV & V only - read basic concepts not technical details)
  • NCERT-Biology-12th (Chapters 4, 5 and rest from 7 to 16)
  • NCERT-Biology-12th (OLD) - Chapter 9 onwards
  • NCERT-Physics-11th (Chap 1,5 & 8) and 12th (Chap 15 only)
  • NCERT-Chemistry-11th (Chap 1 & 14 only) and 12th (Chap 14 & 16 only)

PRELIMS SPECIFIC:

  • IASGYAN Prelims Xpress Compilation
  • IASGYAN Daily Prelims test
  • IAS GYAN Mock tests

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  • DETAILED ANALYSIS: will provide systematic assessment & feedback of student’s performance which will help them in identifying their strengths and weaknesses.
  • COMPETE NATIONALLY
  • Material and tests prepared by pool of expert faculties.

UPSC CSE related mocks:

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