UPSC MAINS 2021 GS-III PAPER ANALYSIS AND PAST YEAR TRENDS

UPSC conducted the General Studies Paper 3, as part of the Civil Services Main Exam 2021 on 09-01-2022.

 

  • There were 20 questions printed in both English and Hindi.
  • 10 questions were of 10 marks each, while the remaining 10 questions were of 15 marks each.
  • Total Marks: 250 marks, Time duration: 3 hours.
  • All questions were compulsory.
  • The number of marks carried by a question/part was printed against it.
  • Answers had to be written in the medium authorized in the admission certificate which had to be stated clearly on the cover of this question-cum-answer (QCA) booklet in the space provided.
  • Answers to questions no. 1 to 10 were to be in 150 words, whereas answers to questions no. 11 to 20 were to be in 250 words.
  • Any page or portion of the page left blank, had to be struck off clearly.

 

QUESTIONS:

 

  1. Explain the difference between the computing methodology of India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) before the year 2015 and after the year 2015. (Answer in 150 words)
  2. Distinguish between Capital Budget and Revenue Budget. Explain the components of both these Budgets. (Answer in 150 words)
  3. How did land reforms in some parts of the country help to improve the socio-economic conditions of marginal and small farmers? (Answer in 150 words)
  4. How and to what extent would micro-irrigation help in solving India’s water crisis? (Answer in 150 words)
  5. How is the S-400 air defence system technically superior to any other system presently available in the world? (Answer in 150 words)
  6. Explain the purpose of the Green Grid Initiative launched at the World Leaders Summit of the COP26 UN Climate Change Conference in Glasgow in November 2021. When was this idea first floated in the International Solar Alliance (ISA)? (Answer in 150 words)
  7. Describe the key points of the revised Global Air Quality Guidelines (AQGs) recently released by the World Health Organisation (WHO). How are these different from its last update in 2005? What changes in India’s National Clean Air Programme are required to achieve these revised standards? (Answer in 150 words)
  8. Discuss the vulnerability of India to earthquake-related hazards. Give examples including the salient features of major disasters caused by earthquakes in different parts of India during the last three decades. (Answer in 150 words)
  9. Discuss how emerging technologies and globalisation contribute to money laundering. Elaborate measures to tackle the problem of money laundering both at national and international levels. (Answer in 150 words)
  10. Keeping in view India’s internal security, analyse the impact of cross-border cyber attacks. Also, discuss defensive measures against these sophisticated attacks. (Answer in 150 words)
  11. Do you agree that the Indian economy has recently experienced V- shapes recovery? Give reasons in support of your answer. (Answer in 250 words)
  12. “Investment in infrastructure is essential for more rapid and inclusive economic growth.” Discuss in the light of India’s experience. (Answer in 250 words)
  13. What are the salient features of the National Food Security Act, 2013? How has the Food Security Bill helped in eliminating hunger and malnutrition in India? (Answer in 250 words)
  14. What are the present challenges before crop diversification? How do emerging technologies provide an opportunity for crop diversification? (Answer in 250 words)
  15. What are the research and developmental achievements in applied biotechnology? How will these achievements help to uplift the poorer sections of society? (Answer in 250 words)
  16. The Nobel Prize in Physics of 2014 was jointly awarded to Akasaki, Amano and Nakamura for the invention of Blue LEDs in the 1990s. How has this invention impacted the everyday life of human beings? (Answer in 250 words)
  17. Describe the major outcomes of the 26th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). What are the commitments made by India at this conference? (Answer in 250 words)
  18. Describe the various causes and effects of landslides. Mention the important components of the National Landslide Risk Management Strategy. (Answer in 250 words)
  19. Analyse the multidimens?onal challenges posed by external state and non-state actors, to the internal security of India. Also, discuss measures required to be taken to combat these threats. (Answer in 250 words)
  20. Analyse the complexity and intensity of terrorism, its causes, linkages and obnoxious nexus. Also, suggest measures required to be taken to eradicate the menace of terrorism. (Answer in 250 words)

 

ANALYSIS OF 2021 PAPER:

 

YEAR

ECONOMICS

AGRICULTURE

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY

SECURITY

DISASTER MANAGEMENT

2021

4

4

2

3

5

2

 

  • Overall, the paper can be rated as of moderate difficulty.
  • Most of the questions had linkage to current affairs.
  • The paper was largely focused on Economics with more questions asked from current affairs of last five years. 
  • In the economics section, static portions were covered well with questions asked from agriculture, irrigation and land reforms.
  • Current Affairs questions from 4-5 years back were asked like 2015 methodology of GDP calculation and food security act 2013.
  • This year there was less focus on science and technology section.
  • The Nobel prize winner of 2014 made it to the paper – continuing the trend of asking questions from long-term current affairs. 
  • There were surprisingly more questions from the Internal Security section. Themes from previous year paper like terrorism, internal threats, cyber-attacks and money laundering were repeated this year as well. 

 

The major topics in the IAS Mains General Studies paper 3 are:

 

  • Economic Development
  • Agriculture
  • Science & Technology
  • Environment & Ecology
  • Security, and
  • Disaster Management

 

 

ANALYSIS OF PREVIOUS YEAR PAPERS:

 

YEAR

ECONOMICS

AGRICULTURE

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY

SECURITY

DISASTER MANAGEMENT

2013

6

6

4

2

5

2

2014

7

2

3

2

5

1

2015

6

2

6

1

4

1

2016

6

3

3

3

4

1

2017

6

4

2

2

5

1

2018

5

4

3

4

3

1

2019

4

4

4

2

4

2

2020

4

4

4

3

4

1

 

What ultimately matters in this exam would be the quick comprehension of each question and proper answer writing skills.

 

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