April 3rd, 2019       Civil Services Preparation

HINDU IS OF PRIME IMPORTANCE NOW FOR CSE. NO TYPICAL
DAY. I PREPARE MY OWN NOTES
Gaurav Aggarwal CSE 2013 Topper

It is true that nobody likes to read newspaper daily for exams. In fact, even after selection civil servants do not read it diligently. Moreover, it is an absolute nightmare for the beginners on account of its flowery language. BUT, THERE IS NO SINGLE CIVIL SERVANT WHO COMPLETELY IGNORES IT DURING PREPARATION.

It is very true that questions are directly lifted from HINDU in all the three stages of the exam. There are tens of newspapers available in the market. Then why only HINDU is recommended? It is primarily for its high standards. It distinguishes between news and opinion very well and avoids trivial issues.

The most important question is how to read it. Most aspirants take 4-5 hours to complete it. Some get distracted and start reading masala items and some get so bored that they altogether start postponing it thinking that they will cover the entire week’s newspaper on weekends. The weekend never comes and piles just keep on forming for years!!!

BUT by a proper practice of effective reading, HINDU can be completed in less than an hour with additional 30 minutes devoted for notes making.

Hindu Reading Points

Notes making:

  • Maintain a notebook for each month.
  • Divide it according to subjects-Polity, Geography, History, Economy, International, Environment, Security/Defense and Science and Technology.
  • Maintain a separate notebook for optional. For any topic of the syllabus which may have current affair linkage, jot down the relevant news in 5 points. This will be a creative addition to your answer.
  • Try to jot down any issue in point format i.e. the important facts, figures, quotes, data, judgments, keywords etc.
  • Do not make paragraphs.
  • Everything should be in your own words.
  • Do not store newspaper cuttings.

Filtering:

As mentioned, aspirant should be thorough with the syllabus. Now what to read and what not to read will depend upon the return on investment/ yield as well as the phase of examination. THE FOCUS OF THIS ARTICLE WILL BE ONLY PRELIMS AND MAINS. FOR INTERVIEW, EVEN STATE NEWS/POLITICAL NEWS BECOME IMPORTANT.

Types of News

Each news item will fell in one of the 4 mentioned types.

As a sample, we have taken The Hindu dated 26 February 2019.

Page 1

Now go through the titles and analyze them. What topics are worth studying? Or Reading?

News 1: Modi opens war memorial

  • This article will fall in low yield
  • Only important is war memorial- read from pib or some other source and jot few points on it.

News 2: Congress, BJP want tribal eviction

  • This news will fall in very poor yield category. But the issue per se is very important. Aspirants who have been following newspaper will know the SC verdict regarding it which is important and should be noted down.

News 3: Oscars

  • This will come in low yield but certain aspects like Indian connection with the winners can be noted down and used in answers/essay.

Rest news on page can be avoided.

Pages 2 to 5

These pages cover region wise news. These mostly are in the poor yield category and have to be avoided. But it is important to glance through the headings. Sometimes news related to culture/ environment/ space/ defense may be there, which should be noted down.

Page 6 NATION

Mostly news on this page are in poor yield category- relating to crimes, politicians etc.

Page 7 NATION

It is important as it deals with the nation. Focus on Supreme Court and High Court verdicts, Parliamentary debates, Government orders, reports, biodiversity related items etc.

News 1: Drought less probable this year

  • This will fall in medium yield category.

Rest news on page can be avoided.

Page 8 EDITORIAL

This is the most important page of ‘The Hindu’ newspaper from UPSC Exam perspective. Carefully read the two editorials given on the left margin. Then move to the Lead article. This usually would be an excellent analysis of a current issue. Finish this page, by reading the Letters to editor as this would give different opinions on the same issue.

News 1: Before eviction
This will fall in high yield category

News 2: Pre-poll gambit
This will fall in high yield category

News 3: coalition of the concerned
This will fall in high yield category

News 4: correct prescription
This will fall in high yield category

Here on this page, you should keep making points while reading. Not more than 5 points from each article are to be noted down.

Page 9 OPED

It expresses the opinion of a named author usually not affiliated with the publication’s editorial board. Read this to get a different perspective on current issues. There is a data point column which may be important fodder for mains.

News 1: Shamima Begum
This will fall in low yield category

News 2: Re-imagininng Delhi
This will fall in low yield category. This article may give fodder for urban governance answers.

Rest news are in poor yield category.

Page 10-11 NEWS

Avoid all masala/political news. Follow the comments of people who have authority like NSA, PMO, Home Ministry etc. try to take out important facts which can be asked in prelims.

News 1: EU, Germany join calls….
This will fall in low yield category

News 2: Twitter told to ensure…
This will fall in low yield category. This article may give fodder for urban governance answers.

Rest news are in poor yield category.

Page 12 WORLD

Spend some time here, only if you find any major happenings.

News 1: Britain should hand over chagos….
This will fall in high yield category

News 2: Guido holds meeting with lima, khalizad meets, Trump delays, Shutdown observed in Northern Province, Labor to back…

These will fall in low yield category. Glance is required to be aware of the issue and note 1-2 important points.

Rest news are in poor yield category.

Page 13-14 BUSINESS

Focus on trends, growth parameters and issues here. Read issues connected with Fiscal and Monetary Policy. If you find socio-economic issues related to women, education or health, read in-depth.

News 1: Banks may set repo as benchmark
This will fall in high yield category

News 2: two crore jobs in 16 months…
These will fall in high yield category.

News 3: Adani group flies…,IL&FS accounts can’t be NPA…
These will fall in low yield category. Glance is required to be aware of the issue and note 1-2 important points.

Rest news are in poor yield category.

Last page

This page may sometimes contain new related to space, environmental reports, biodiversity, culture etc which is very important for exam. Rest can be avoided.

News 1: Warming imperils clouds…
This will fall in medium yield category

Other pages

Ignore the pages on life, sports unless there is some article discussing reforms eg: lodha committee etc.

In a NUTSHELL,

Hindu Reading Tips

A SMART approach is required to effectively read the HINDU in one hour and make notes in the next half an hour. Initially you may even take 3 hours but with practice and perseverance, in two months, you will reach the target of completing the newspaper quickly with maximum ROI. You will develop the capacity to filter out the content.

Basically by reading Hindu, you are manufacturing bullets which you are gonna fire in the exam hall : ROMAN SAINI CSE TOPPER

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